Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Effects Of Smoking On The Health Care System - 1795 Words

Health is widely diversified in the United States because of the best resources available by the health care systems in hospitals. New inventions are being developed every day, and billions of dollars have been spent to increase the level of health care while lowering the cost of insurance so hospitals can offer the best treatment. Meanwhile, there are people in our society who are excessive smokers and drinkers, and these limitless behaviors have an effect on the cost of insurance and hospital services. The taxes received from products such as cigarettes and alcohol are referred to as ‘Sin taxes’ -- due to the harmful effects that these products have on your health, and due to the increased medical cost for government. Smoking has been the leading cause of high risk problems such as heart attack and lung cancer, and people still continue these unhealthy habits which can lead to hospitalization and even death. The consumer of these products should feel the pinch of paying high ‘sin taxes’. Therefore, the government should increase taxes on alcohol and tobacco to help pay for the rising cost of medical expenses. Since 1991, alcohol taxes have come down to 37%, and there is a chance that this figure may decrease to 9% by 2019. Because the taxes of alcohol are based on volume not pricing, for example, a $4 glass of wine will have same tax as of $6 glass of wine as they both have same volume. The impact of alcoholism is high, and the effect of alcohol abuse is associatedShow MoreRelated Smokers Need Higher Health Care Premiums Essay668 Words   |  3 Pagesactivity, being cigarette smoking. The negative effects that smoking tobacco has on the body have been proven scientifically and today is common knowledge. According to Health Canada, there is a large amount of strong medical evidence that smoking is related to more than 24 different diseases and other body conditions. Including emphysema, lung cancer and chronic bronchitis. Smoking has negative effects on every part of our anatomy and generally deteriorates the health of one?s body. Every smokerRead MoreWhy The United States Ranks So Poorly During The American Health System869 Words   |  4 Pagesmore on health care than any other nation in the world, but ranks poorly on every measure of health status† ( Schroeder,1). Schroeder discussed the two main reasons why the United States ranks so poorly on every measure of the health system. One of the reasons for the low ranking in the American health system is â€Å"the pathways to better health do not generally depend on better health care† (Schroeder, 1); the fact that we have access to advance tools and technologies in our health care system does notRead MoreSmoking Essay1084 Words   |  5 PagesThe effects of smoking can alter one’s whole life style. most people dont give up the harmful habit because it is said that smoking stimulates emotions and people like the feeling they obtain. Which makes smoking long-term addiction. Most smokers recall they started in high school or early student ye ars. They smoked their first cigarette in the circle of group friends to become a part of their community or simply to try something new. As in most countries, smoking is forbidden for people under 18Read MoreIssues That Affect Health Care Delivery Essays1175 Words   |  5 PagesIssues that affect health care delivery When I hear the term â€Å"health care industry†, I imagine a system where there is access to diagnosis and care 24 hours a day, seven days a week for all in need, from birth to death. According to Knickman and Kovner (2011), good health care is an essential foundation for being able to function in society and to enjoy life. People view health care quite differently depending on whether they are sick or well or whether they have adequate health insurance or not.Read MoreThe Prevalence Of Smoking During Pregnancy1510 Words   |  7 Pagescontribute to either the smoking of the mother during pregnancy, or the decision to abstain from smoking. These factors include many scenarios in which the mother may choose to smoke. Younger women had lower odds of smoking when compared with original non-smokers and quitters, and older women with less than a 12th grade education had a higher chance of continued smoking. Women with a mental health history and high stress scores also have hi gher odds of continued smoking compared to non-smokersRead MoreEffects Of Smoking On Tobacco Industry On Health Care1526 Words   |  7 Pageslikely to become a smoker. This bill is an extension to current legislature, the STAKE Act, which prohibits sale of tobacco products to persons under age of 18 years old. There have been proven negative health effects due to smoking and have contributed to the increase in health care costs due to smoking-related-illnesses. What happened to the legislation? On December 4, 2014 in California, Healdsburg passes first Tobacco 21 Ordinance in the state. On July 16, 2015 – Senate Bill 151 removed fromRead MoreSecond-Hand Smoke1726 Words   |  7 PagesThe Effects of Second-Hand Smoke Imagine yourself sitting down to dinner at a restaurant. You are sitting down trying to enjoy your dinner when all you can smell is smoke. Not only are you just breathing in the smoke, it is also damaging your body at the same time. Or imagine yourself at your work place, whether it be a restaurant or office, and you are forced to breathe in second-hand smoke the entire time you are there. In this paper you will be informed of the harmful effects of second-handRead MoreShould Big Tobacco Be Sued for Health Care Bills? An Analysis998 Words   |  4 Pages Should big tobacco be sued for health bill? An analysis A recent ruling by the Supreme Court of Canada on the subject of smoking is the main topic of my articles. The landmark ruling made on September 30th gives the province of British Columbia ammunition against big tobacco companies. The decision allows British Columbia to sue tobacco companies for damages related to smoking-related health care costs dating back 50 years (Bell Globalmedia Inc [BGMI], 2005). Many expect theRead MoreHealth Promotion For Smoking Within Adult Population959 Words   |  4 PagesHealth Promotion for Smoking within Adult Population Ashley Davis Chamberlain College of Nursing Miramar FL Tobacco has been around for many years. Tobacco was usually harvested and used by the Native Americans for religious and medical purposes. It wasn’t until settlers from the countries across the globe came and found it to be their main source of money if it was crop grown. They would chew it or put it into a pipe: By the late 19th century, cigarette making machines were inventedRead MoreHealth Promotion793 Words   |  4 PagesTraditionally, the healthcare system in the United States has been focused on caring for the sick and treating and preventing diseases. But a new standard has developed. Focus has now shifted to health promotion. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health promotion as the â€Å"process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions.† Health promotion focuses on changes

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment - 845 Words

What can one human being do to protect the environment? Our planet is shifting, we need to help it change for the better. There are many effects that can change our Globe in a shocking manner but, the good news is each individual can contribute to make a better world for our children. People across the world acquired, use, and dispose enormous multiplicity of products which helps to build our lives easier and more comfortable. However, the outcome of this can make massive damage to our environment. Working together with dozens, hundreds or millions of other people, we can influence and change policies which are destroying our environment. Countries are joining together in vast economic zones and creating enormous markets. Huge multinational corporations trade across our planet, we could incorporate the same approach to make a better plant for our children. Nevertheless, working together with people, we can change the world. Deforestation, air pollution and improper disposal of toxic paint contribute to the degradation of the environment. Deforestation can cause many damage to your environment today. Trees absorb greenhouse gases and carbon emissions. They produce oxygen and continue the water cycle by releasing water vapor into the atmosphere. Without trees, forest lands can quickly become barren land or desert. Deforestation also results in soil degradation. (Hildeman,2010, par.6) The effects of soil erosion go beyond the loss of fertile land. It has led toShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Deforestation On The Environment1389 Words   |  6 PagesDeforestation is one of the many problems this world faces today. Many people are unaware of how harmful deforestation can be towards the environment and the animals that inhabit the area. Many people don’t even know what deforestation is and that it’s actually happening. To sum it all up, deforestation is the process of destroying forests by cutting them down or burning the trees down, destroying hundreds of acres in order to make more land available for other u ses thinking that the benefits outweighRead MoreThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment1379 Words   |  6 Pagesyou no choice but to run through the forest. Being separated from family members, all alone in the african desert with no home left. This issue is happening all over the place for many beloved animals yet not much is being done about it at all. Deforestation is a major issue for animals, forests are a huge source of oxygen for the wildlife surrounding them. â€Å"80% of the animals in the world live in or around forests†(National Geographic, Munita) there has been a huge increase for many species goingRead MoreDeforestation And Its Effects On The Environment1616 Words   |  7 PagesBackground Webster dictionary defines deforestation as the action or process of clearing of forests. It occurs when humans desire to make use of land covered by forest for other purposes. This clearing of tree is concerning due to the fact that trees are being cut down at a rate much greater then they can grow back. This is called overshot, and can have a devastating impact on the environment. There is an estimated loss of 18 million acres of forest each year. That is roughly equivalent to the sizeRead MoreDeforestation And Its Effects On The Environment1120 Words   |  5 PagesTo start off, thirty percent of the world’s land are forests. (Anonymous, para. 1). However, the number of forests are dwindling down due to the deforestation that happens every year. Deforestation is â€Å"the act or result of cutting down or burning all the trees in an area† (Anonymous). Unfortunately, this damages the land. Deforestation has many factors of what causes the loss of trees. There are ag riculture farmers that cut down trees to have more acres to grow more plants or to have more livestockRead MoreThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment915 Words   |  4 Pagesongoing environmental issues, which include water shortages, soil erosion and deforestation. The soil erosion has been caused by an excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers. Deforestation has been a detrimental issue because of the large amounts of agricultural and land clearing, and not to mention the over use of wood products for fuel purposes, without replanting new growth. Another leading cause of deforestation is forest fires caused by man, whether it’s intentional or accidental. Water shortagesRead MoreDeforestation And Its Effects On The Environment912 Words   |  4 PagesRainforests today are disappearing at an alarming rate as a result of deforestation for commercial purposes such as logging, agriculture, and livestock and the probable solution are becoming far from realistic as th e expansion becomes bigger and bigger. Every year, an estimated 18 million acres are destroyed for various reasons, including paper, timber. An average of two football field sizes of precious rainforest are torn down, killing millions of animals and destroying valuable pharmaceutical plantsRead MoreThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment953 Words   |  4 PagesAir Pollution Deforestation has been an ongoing activity in both the North and South Island in relatively equal measures. Since New Zealand was inhabited, Maori and European settlers have exploited the forests in New Zealand, reducing them from 82% to 23% of the surface area throughout the country. (Ewersa et al,, 2006). This is a great volume of vegetation which has been removed from the earth’s surface. In return, many harmful impacts are being imposed on the environment. One of these is the increasedRead MoreDeforestation of Our Rainforests931 Words   |  4 PagesThe most destructive and harmful tragedy that our rainforests, specifically the Amazon, suffer from is deforestation. Deforestation is the clearing or destruction of land throughout forests. Unfortunately, human beings are the number one cause of deforestation throughout the world. The reason if this is simply because we use the wood mainly for things like hydroelectric dams that power communities, palm oil for its biofuel res ourcefulness, and the mining for diamond and gold. Another reason wouldRead MoreDeforestation And Environment1402 Words   |  6 Pages Deforestation is an increasing global crisis and is mainly caused by human actions. Forests cover approximately 31% of the area on the planet (Deforestation, n.d.). Deforestation is the destruction of a wide area of forest land into a cleared land that is used for a variety of reasons. The impact on the environment from cutting down, burning and damaging forests is very detrimental and there are severe consequences for the environment and future generations due to deforestation. According to theRead MoreCause And Effect Of Deforestation1259 Words   |  6 Pages2 28 October 2015 Cause and Effect of Deforestation Deforestation is a problem that does not concern many people, but it is an issue that the people of Earth need to deal with. In the past 50 years deforestation has increased a significant amount, but people around the world have been removing the forests since the 1600s. The forests remaining are in danger as the human population goes up, the need for resources will also increase and this will make the deforestation of the last forests come quicker

Commandant Reflection Paper Free Essays

COMMANDANT REFLECTION PAPER (CRP) â€Å" Reflection, in the context of learning, is a generic term for those intellectual and affective activities which individuals engage to explore their experiences, in order to lead to new understandings and appreciations. It may take place in isolation or in association with others† Boud, Keogh amp; Walker, 1985, p19. INTRODUCTION 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Commandant Reflection Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now The 15-week Command and Staff Course (Executive) at Goh Keng Swee Command and Staff College exposes officers with myriad of learning opportunities in professional military education and training. Correspondingly, the different modules conducted throughout the course serve as touch points for officers to reflect on their personal learning and development journey. 2. Consequently, officers need to dedicate time to journal their reflections at each juncture of the course not just for record purpose but more so to gauge their progress in professional and personal development and growth. OBJECTIVE 3. The objective of the Commandant Reflection Paper (CRP) is for the officers to take ownership to reflect, journal and share on their professional and personal learning, development and growth throughout the 15-week Command and Staff course (Executive). REFLECTION TITLE 4. The reflection is titled â€Å"Are you ready to Lead? † 5. In your reflection, you should consider the following questions: a. Referring to the CSC(E) Graduate word picture (See Figure 1), how has attending the GKS CSC prepared you to Lead? What aspects of the course have developed and prepared you for your future roles in the SAF? b. How much do you think you have developed in both the professional and personal competence? Figure 1 Organisation Knowledge Comprehend changes and trends in strategic environment Adaptive to organisational challenges that arises Military Technology Adept at applying military technology in developing innovative operational concepts and capabilities and fully appreciate the impact of future technology trends and developments Military Operations Comprehend military operations in a Joint environment Decision Making Competently arrive at timely decisions based on systemic analysis of the relevant context, factors and values Life-Long Learning Inspire to life-long learning Develop self awareness amp; personal mastery CSC(E) Graduate Word Picture c. Apart from the course curriculum, what else have you learned and developed in this journey that you feel will better prepare and serve you in the years ahead? d. What would be your leadership and values philosophy? and e. What other aspects do you think are needed to further prepare you to Lead? DELIVERABLES 6. Officers are to journal and share their reflections at the end of the course at syndicate and course level. Insights gleaned from syndicate and course levels sharing will help to further strengthen individual CRP. 7. Details on the paper are listed below : a. Word Count. 2000 – 2500 words. b. Presentation and Submission. (i)End of Course. Officers are to share your reflections in relation to the CRP title at the end of the course at Syndicate level on 22 Nov (Thu) from 0830 to 1020 hrs and at Course Level from 1030 to 1220 hrs. (ii)Submission of Paper. Officers are to submit the paper, both in hard and soft copies, by 23 Nov 2012 (Fri) 0830 hrs. c. Officers are strongly encouraged to develop the habit to pen down reflections regularly such as at a daily or weekly basis, or after each lesson, sub-module or module to chart your reflection paper. Mapping your reflections as a frame is a suggested method as you could build on the frame going through the course. CONCLUSION The CRP serves as a self-reflection on how each officer has developed and grown during the CSC(E) journey, in preparation to lead. Officers should also capitalise on this process and internalise it as a culture of reflection in the course of their military career and beyond. Prepared By : LTC Terence Goh How to cite Commandant Reflection Paper, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Never Give Up Essay Sample free essay sample

Intro- Wow this has been an astonishing twelvemonth. particularly being a portion of the AVID household. My experience with AVID has been one of the most memorable yet. Before I was in AVID I was a problem shaper. but I was good at school but I could make better. Organization- I was atrocious being organized ; I could neer calculate out what prep I had that dark or were my notes were. Hearing about AVID- at the terminal of my 7th grade twelvemonth I was invited to be interviewed to be in AVID following twelvemonth and I was chosen to be a portion of the plan. I was so aroused. Problem- I receive a call over the summer from my counsel counsellor that I would non be able to be in the AVID plan because I had scored a 2 on the FCAT reading and math. I was devastated I literally begged her if there was any manner around it. We will write a custom essay sample on Never Give Up Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page she said there was nil she could make. First twenty-four hours of school- here we go I say to myself another twelvemonth with regular categories. I say to myself I don’t belong here this is to easy I need a challenge I don’t want to acquire easy A`s. I want to really seek. I want a challenge. So I notify my other counsellor about the state of affairs and she says to me there is a manner that I could still be a portion of the AVID plan. but I will non be able to hold an elected. I tell her I candidly don’t attention because AVID is something I truly necessitate to be in. so we agree on it and immediately my full agenda alterations. all of my categories become awards and progress ( which I had neer taken earlier ) . First twenty-four hours of AVID- now my first twenty-four hours in AVID was so much merriment but I knew it wasn’t traveling to be like that every twenty-four hours. My AVID instructor explained to me everything I needed to cognize about the plan and what was required from myself. My AVID instructor makes a dramatic consequence in my academic life- my AVID instructor has changed my academic life dramatically. I neer in a million old ages thought I could acquire a 4. 0 G. P. A in my study cards and advancem ent studies. See that twelvemonth I promised myself that I was traveling to alter for the better and I did. I can candidly state that if it wasn’t for the clip support and attempt my AVID instructor and equals helped with all my academic work I couldn’t have made it every bit far as I did. Obstacles I had to face- I had to confront many challenges throughout a batch of my categories and I neer thought I could get the better of them and win in anything and everything. I thank that to my AVID household because I knew they were at that place for me to endorse me up and learn me step by measure. from so on I knew I wasn’t entirely and I ever had person to turn to. The helped we received- my AVID instructor dedicated all of our tutorials for those tuff midterms and tests and trial. It truly helped a batch even if I didn’t score such high classs on some of the trials those tutorials taught me how to now panic and clean out. It taught me how to make everything measure by measure. Personal aid I receive- AVID has besides helped me remain focused more on school and non solemnly on the societal life. its taught me to get the better of my arch ways excessively. Since my repute wasn’t known for being such a great pupil AVID has taught me to deliver myself and that it wasn’t excessively late to alter the facet everyone had of me. I wanted to demo everyone at I had changed I wasn’t the same old Stefaniee who merely thought of school as a resort area. I took it earnestly and besides maintained my consecutive A`s throughout the twelvemonth. Besides being an jock in school helped me remain focused on what was of import. Advice I give- To people who were like how I use to be I say to them wake up. you don’t understand how of import it is to listen to what instructors tell you because all they want is the best for you. My regrets- I wish I had have the same outlook I do now when I was younger and merely get downing fresh and in-between school. I tell them I sometimes wish I could travel back in clip and alteration things for the better. Fortunately I have a AVID instructor that is ever there for me to hearten me up and remind me non to shout over spilled milk. Thanks- To my AVID instructor I thank so much for giving me the opportunity to be a portion of a life altering plan. If it wasn’t for he r I would non be a portion of this brilliant plan. No 1 truly understands how much AVID has helped me. it has taught me to be a better pupil. friend and most significantly a better individual.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

The Epidemic called Childhood Obesity. Professor Ramos Blog

The Epidemic called Childhood Obesity. Is Childhood Obesity an epidemic?   Obesity is a condition that occurs when a person carries excess weight or body fat that affects their health. They say â€Å"A healthy body eats healthy food†. I say â€Å"An unhealthy eating creates an unhealthy body and has a short life span.† Childhood Obesity is becoming a global concern, as more children/adolescents are either obese or tending towards being obese. Childhood obesity has been linked to Ethnicity, Social class, and lifestyle. This is a wake-up call for the Government, Parents, and everyone to do something to stop this issue before it becomes uncontrollable. All over the world, the issue of childhood obesity is increasing yearly (Lobstein et al). Ten percent of the worlds school-aged children are estimated to be carrying excess body fat with an increased risk for developing chronic disease. Of these overweight children, a quarter is obese with a significant likelihood of some having multiple risk factors for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and a variety of other co-morbidities before or during early adulthood. The problem of childhood obesity is linked to Ethnicity. According to a study carried out in 1988-1998 by the national Longitudinal survey of youth among 8270 children aged 4-12years, the result shows that prevalence of overweight increased significantly and steadily among Hispanic and African American and non-Hispanic white. (Strauss and Pollack). Also, a survey study in the 1990s shows that in Brazil and the USA, an additional 0.5% of the entire child population became overweight each year. In Canada, Australia, and parts of Europe, the rates were higher with an additional 1% of all children becoming overweight each ye ar (Lobstein et.al) Childhood obesity is prevalent in economically developed countries but is rising significantly in most parts of the world. In developing countries, child obesity is most common in the wealthier section of the population (Lobstein et. al). Children of lower income families are particularly vulnerable because of poor diet and limited opportunities for physical activity. The root causes of obesity are any factor that raises energy intake by even a small amount will cause obesity in the long term (Ebbeling et.al). One of the causes of obesity in children is Television viewing. It is believed that television viewing promotes weight gain not only by displacing physical activity but also by increasing energy intake. Children while watching television consume an excessive amount of energy-dense food and drinks without resistance. Additionally, television advertisement could adversely affect dietary patterns throughout the day. American and British children are exposed to about 10 foods commercial per hour of Television time; most of these adverts are for fast food, soft drinks, sweets, and sugar-sweetened breakfast cereal. Diet is also a cause of obesity in children. Excessive fat consumption is known to cause weight gain. Intake of partially hydrogenated (trans) fat, commonly found in commercial bakery product and fast food increase risk for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Consumption of carbohydrate foods especially in the form of refined foods e.g. bread, ready to eat cereal, p otatoes, soft drinks, cakes, and biscuits, increase the chances of being obese. These type of food are called high glycemic index food and they can stimulate hunger and cause overeating in children. Consumption of fast food is on the increase in both developed and developing nations. The regular consumption of fast food increases the chances of being obese, the reason being that fast food contains high calories, high glycemic index, saturated and trans fats and they are low in fibre, micronutrients, and antioxidants. Family factor is also a major cause of obesity in children and adolescent. Parent-child interaction and the home environment can affect behaviours related to the risk of obesity. (Ebbeling et.al). African American and Hispanic families often time like to eat out, and thus tend to increase the chances of developing obesity in children. Children consume more energy dense food when meals are eaten in restaurants than at home. Some of the solutions to the problem of childhood obesity can be by increasing access to healthy food for poor and low-income families. For them, it is easier and cheaper to afford unhealthy food. Getting rid of fast food wouldn’t be beneficial unless there was a replacement. For the wealthy ones in the society that can afford to buy healthy food but still prefers to eat unhealthily, Counselling and educating them on the health implications of eating unhealthy food will be a better solution. Parent, schools and the Government should discourage the consumption of soft drinks and sweetened juice in children and adolescents. A study that was conducted by the American Dietetic Association (ADA), it was concluded that sweetened beverages intake is related to obesity and over weight in children and adolescents (Davis et. al). It was also found that among low income children to years of age, consumption of sweetened drinks increased the odds of becoming obese by more than 60%. I will encourage Parents, schools and the community to replace the consumption of sweetened beverages and sweetened juice among young children and adolescents with water which is healthier. Drinking of water is beneficial in numerous ways. Also, Parents should reduce the consumption of food rich in saturated fats and increase the intake of fruits and vegetables that is healthier when serving meals to their children. In schools, mealtime should be a fun time, where fruits and vegetables are presented to children in a colorful and appetizing manner. Food rich in saturated fat should be completely removed from the school menu. I will propose that physical exercise be introduced in all level of education in schools. Parents should also take time off on weekends and go do some physical activity with their children. In the last few decades, obesity prevalence as increased as a function of number of hours that TV network devote to target children population (M.Caroli et. al). Television could be convenient tool to spread correct information on good nutrition and obesity prevention. The likeness of food and obesity in television has many negative consequences on food habits and pattern. Reducing the hours spent viewing television could help in reducing and preventing obesity and overweight in children and Adolescents. Work Cited. Strauss, Richard S. â€Å"Epidemic Increase in Childhood Overweight, 1986- 1998.†Jama, vol. 286, no. 22, 2001, p. 2845, doi:10.1001/jama.286.22.2845. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/194443 Lobstein, T., et al. â€Å"Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in Public health†. Obesity Review, Vol 5, no. Sl, 2004, pp.4-85. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2004.00133.x Ebbeling, Cara B, et al. â€Å"Childhood Obesity: Public Health Crisis, Common Sense Cure†. The Lancet, vol.360, no.9371, 2002, pp.473-482, doi: 10:10161/s 0140-6736(02709678-2 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673602096782 Davis, Mathew M, et al. â€Å"Recommendation for Prevention of Childhood Obesity†. December 2007, vol 120/issue supplement 4. https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/120/Supplement_4/S229?eaf= Caroli, M, et al. â€Å"Role of Television in Childhood Obesity Prevention.† International Journal of Obesity, vol. 28, no.sb, 2004, doi: 10.10381 sj: ijo.0802802. https://www.nature.com/articles/0802802 Picture credit: https://www.debate.org/opinions/should-parents-be-responsible-for-their-obese- childs-condition

Monday, March 2, 2020

Billy Bishop - World War I Ace

Billy Bishop - World War I Ace Billy Bishop - Early Life Career: Born February 8, 1894 at Owen Sound, Ontario, William Billy Bishop was the second (of three) child of William A. and Margaret Bishop.   Attending Owen Sound Collegiate and Vocational Institute as a youth, Bishop proved a marginal student though excelled in individual sports such as riding, shooting, and swimming.   Possessing an interest in aviation, he unsuccessfully attempted to build his first aircraft at age fifteen.   Following in his older brothers footsteps, Bishop entered the Royal Military College of Canada in 1911.   Continuing to struggle with his studies, he failed his first year when he was caught cheating. Pressing on at RMC, Bishop elected to leave school in late 1914 following the beginning of World War I.   Joining the Mississauga Horse regiment, he received a commission as an officer but soon fell ill with pneumonia.   As a result, Bishop missed the units departure for Europe.   Transferred to the 7th Canadian Mounted Rifles, he proved an excellent marksman.   Embarking for Britain on June 6, 1915, Bishop and his comrades arrived at Plymouth seventeen days later.   Sent to the Western Front, he soon became unhappy in the mud and tedium of the trenches.   After seeing a Royal Flying Corps aircraft pass over, Bishop began seeking an opportunity to attend flight school.   Though he was able to secure a transfer to the RFC, no flight training positions were open and he instead learned to be an aerial observer. Billy Bishop - Beginning with the RFC: Assigned to No. 21 (Training) Squadron at Netheravon, Bishop first flew aboard an Avro 504.   Learning to take aerial photos, he soon proved skilled at this form of photography and began teaching other aspiring airmen.   Sent to the front in January 1916, Bishop operated from a field near St. Omer and flew Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.7s.   Four months later, he injured his knee when his aircrafts engine failed at takeoff.   Placed on leave, Bishop traveled to London where his knees condition worsened.   Hospitalized, he met socialite Lady St. Helier while recuperating.   Learning that his father had suffered a stroke, Bishop, with St. Heliers aid, obtained leave to briefly travel to Canada.   Due to this trip, he missed the Battle of the Somme which started that July.   Returning to Britain that September, Bishop, again with St. Heliers assistance, finally secured admission to flight training.   Arriving at the Central Flying School at Upavon, he spent the next two months receiving aviation instruction.   Ordered to No. 37 Squadron in Essex, Bishops initial assignment called for him to patrol over London to intercept night raids by German airships.   Quickly boring of this duty, he requested a transfer and was ordered to Major Alan Scotts No. 60 Squadron near Arras.   Flying older Nieuport 17s, Bishop struggled and received orders to return to Upavon for further training.   Retained by Scott until a replacement could arrive, he achieved his first kill, an Albatros D.III, on March 25, 1917, though he crashed in no mans land when his engine failed.   Escaping back to Allied lines, Bishops orders for Upavon were rescinded.    Billy Bishop - Flying Ace: Quickly earning Scotts trust, Bishop was appointed a flight commander on March 30 and achieved his second victory the following day.   Permitted to conduct solo patrols, he continued to score and on April 8 downed his fifth German aircraft to become an ace.   These early victories were obtained via a hard-charging style of flying and fighting.   Realizing that this was a dangerous approach, Bishop shifted to more surprise-oriented tactics in April.   This proved effective as he downed twelve enemy aircraft that month.   The month also saw him earn a promotion to captain and win the Military Cross for his performance during the Battle of Arras.   After surviving an encounter with German ace Manfred von Richthofen (The Red Baron) on April 30, Bishop continued his stellar performance in May adding to his tally and winning the Distinguished Service Order. On June 2, Bishop conducted a solo patrol against a German airfield.   During the mission, he claimed three enemy aircraft shot down as well as several destroyed on the ground.   Though he may have embellished the results of this mission, it won him the Victoria Cross.   A month later, the squadron transitioned into the more powerful Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5.   Continuing his success, Bishop soon ran his total to over forty achieving the status of highest-scoring ace in the RFC.   Among the most famous of the Allied aces, he was withdrawn from the front that fall.   Returning to Canada, Bishop married Margaret Burden on October 17 and made appearances to bolster morale.   Following this, he received orders to join the British War Mission in Washington, DC to assist in advising the US Army on building an air force. Billy Bishop - Top British Scorer: In April 1918, Bishop received a promotion to major and returned to Britain.   Eager to resume operations at the front, he had been passed as British top scorer by Captain James McCudden.   Given command of the newly-formed No. 85 Squadron, Bishop took his unit to  Petite-Synthe, France on May 22.   Familiarizing himself with the area, he downed a German plan five days later.   This began a run that saw him raise his tally to 59 by June 1 and reclaim the scoring lead from McCudden.   Though he continued to score over the next two weeks, the Canadian government and his superiors became increasingly concerned about the blow to morale if he were to be killed.   As a result, Bishop received orders on June 18 to depart the front the following day and travel to England to aid in organizing the new Canadian Flying Corps.   Angered by these orders, Bishop conducted a final mission on the morning of June 19 which saw him down five more German aircraft and raise his score to 72.   Bishops total made him the top-scoring British pilot of the war and second-highest Allied pilot behind Rene Fonck.   As many of Bishops kills were unwitnessed, historians in recent years have begun to question his total.   Promoted to lieutenant colonel on August 5, he received the post of Officer Commanding-designate of the Canadian Air Force Section of the General Staff, Headquarters Overseas Military Forces of Canada.   Bishop remained in the job until the end of the war that November. Billy Bishop - Later Career: Discharged from the Canadian Expeditionary Force on December 31, Bishop began lecturing on aerial warfare.   This was followed by a short-lived passenger air service that he started with fellow Canadian ace Lieutenant Colonel William George Barker.   Moving to Britain in 1921, Bishop remained engaged in aviation concerns and eight years later became chairman of British Air Lines.   Financially devastated by the stock market crash in 1929, Bishop returned to Canada and ultimately obtained a position as vice president of the McColl-Frontenac Oil Company.   Resuming military service in 1936, he received a commission as the Royal Canadian Air Forces first air vice-marshal.   With the beginning of World War II in 1939, Bishop was elevated to air marshal and tasked with overseeing recruitment. Highly effective in this role, Bishop soon found himself compelled to turn away applicants.   Also overseeing pilot training, he aided in authoring the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan which guided the instruction of nearly half those who served in the Commonwealths air forces.   Under extreme stress, Bishops health began to fail and in 1944 he retired from active service.   Returning to the private sector, he accurately predicted the postwar boom in the commercial aviation industry.   With the beginning of the Korean War in 1950, Bishop offered to return to his recruitment role but his poor health led to the RCAF politely declining.   He later died on September 11, 1956, while wintering in Palm Beach, FL.   Returned to Canada, Bishop received full honors before his ashes were interred at  Greenwood Cemetery in Owen Sound. Selected Sources Bishop HouseAce Pilots: Billy BishopHistoryNet: Billy Bishop

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Property ownership, oral evidence (parole) Assignment

Property ownership, oral evidence (parole) - Assignment Example However, in some cases verbal agreements may be considered as evidence. In instances where a written contract contains clerical or typographical errors, oral evidence may be presented after the written agreement since the written agreement in such a case does not show the true agreement made. Clerical errors may make alter the meaning of the contract or may omit critical details in the contract. In such occasions, the complainant may be allowed to present verbal contracts as evidence. The court may also consider the verbal contract in cases where one party entered into a contract under duress, mistake, fraud or undue influence. Contracts that are entered into under pressure force are considered as null and void and thereby giving room to presentation of verbal agreements. Verbal agreement may also be accepted after a contract if one of the parties proves to the court that there was a separate agreement made between the parties. In cases where a written contract is ambiguous, verbal a greement may be used in order to clarify the true meaning of the contract. The law of sales involves many written and oral agreements which contribute to determining a court’s decisions when the two parties cannot agree or are in a dispute. In cases regarding sale of property, the law allows the court to refer to prior, contemporaneous, and subsequent verbal agreements in order to supplement the written agreement or give better and detailed explanations of the written agreement (Klass, 2010). In property sales cases, the court examines factors such as course dealing, trade usage and proof of consistent additional terms. Paul’s property purchase should present a written agreement that shows that the house was sold together with carpet. If such terms  are not in the  written agreement, he should prove that they had verbally agreed that the carpet will be sold together with house. The company may also produce evidence that will show that in previous business transaction